Cahiers Lyonnais

d'AnthropoBiométrique

(CLAB)

 

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   CLAB / 1 / 2012   

CLAB / 2 / 2013

CLAB / 3 / 2014

CLAB / 4 /2015

CLAB / 5 / 2016

CLAB / 6 / 2018

CLAB / 7 /2023

1- Introduction

L'activité des anthropologues judiciaires ne se limite pas à l’identification cadavérique : en effet avec l'augmentation de l'usage des systèmes de vidéosurveillance dans les établissements bancaires, ils sont de plus en plus concernés par l’identification des auteurs de vol à main armé (VMA), qui s’effectue, majoritairement, en fonction d’une reconnaissance du visage. Depuis 1990, à la suite de demandes répétées des autorités judiciaires dans le domaine de l'identification des auteurs de VMA, notre Laboratoire [dont trois de ces membres sont Experts Judiciaires] avait développé une méthode manuelle de comparaison anthropométrique de plans fixes provenant de vidéo avec des photographies du (ou des) prévenu(s) : la biométrique de similarité.  Il est bon de noter que cette méthodologie peut s'appliquer (avec succès) également :

  1. à la comparaison d'un crâne inconnu avec une photographie d'identité pouvant être celle du sujet disparu,
  2. mais aussi dans un domaine inhabituel : celui artistique avec la comparaison de portraits peints. Plusieurs articles dans ce dernier domaine ont déjà été publiés dans notre autre revue Paleobios.

Cependant la biométrique de similarité n'ayant aucun lien avec " l'étude de la vie ancienne" thématique de Paleobios ceci nous amène finalement à créer en 2012 un support autonome plus en rapport avec l'anthropométrie comparative d'identification!

Les articles [en deux versions :  une version html consultable directement en ligne, et une version PDF qui, bien que consultable également en ligne, est destinée essentiellement à l'impression : elle ne comporte aucun hyperlien, ces derniers étant réservés à la version html] peuvent être recherchés :

  • par mots-clés du titre   
  • par Auteur   

3 - Sommaire des numéros des Cahiers Lyonnais d'AnthropoBiométrique.

 

     

    Cahiers Lyonnais d'AnthropoBiométrique / 1 / 2012 [Texte intégral PDF mis en ligne le 21 octobre 2102]

     

    • Editorial [html / PDF / dernière mise à jour : 14 octobre 2012]
    • L'identification faciale du vivant (Raoul Perrot) [ html / PDF  / mise en ligne : 14 avril 2012]  
    • Expertise par biométrique de similarité d'un tableau du XVIIIème siècle pouvant représenter Danyel de Kervégan, ancien maire de Nantes (Brice Poreau)   [ PDF / mise en ligne : 14 avril 2012]
    • Biométrique de similarité et politique : la jeunesse suisse de Kim Jong-un (Raoul Perrot) [ html / PDF / mise en ligne : 04 mai 2012] 
    • Biométrique comparative du visage d'un personnage attribué à Ingres avec celui de sa peinture "Œdipe et le Sphinx" datant de 1864 (Brice Poreau)[PDF / mise en ligne : 14 octobre 2012]

    Cahiers Lyonnais d'AnthropoBiométrique / 2 / 2013 [Texte intégral PDF en attente de mise en ligne]

    • Editorial [ html / PDF / dernière mise à jour : août 2013]
    • Une nouvelle application de la biométrique de similarité : les masques africains anthropomorphes (Brice Poreau) [PDF/ mise en ligne : 24 décembre 2012] 
    • La biométrique de similarité peut-elle être utilisée dans l’identification des auteurs de cambriolage à partir de l'empreinte de leur oreille externe? (Bérangère Tarka & Raoul Perrot) [PDF / mise en ligne : 10 février 2013] 
    • Expertise par biométrique de similarité d’un tableau pouvant représenter Eva Gonzalès (1849-1883), artiste peintre impressionniste (Brice Poreau) [PDF / mise en ligne : août 2013] 

     

    Cahiers Lyonnais d'AnthropoBiométrique / 3 / 2014

    Un seul article avait été programmé : "Expertise par biométrique de similarité d’une photographie pouvant représenter le poète Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891) à l'âge adulte. (Brice Poreau). Après publication, de nombreuses critiques visant l'Auteur nous ont amené à  retirer son article de manière à couper court à toute polémique.

     

     

     

     Cahiers Lyonnais d'AnthopoBiométrique / 4 / 2015

    • A propos d'un cas où reconstitution faciale  et biométrique de similarité associées ont permis d'envisager une identité pour une personne restée inconnue depuis plus de 20 ans : l'affaire Agnès Le Roux (Raoul Perrot) [html / PDF]

     

     

    Cahiers Lyonnais d'AnthropoBiométrique / 5 / 2016

    • A la recherche de Sorella Epstein, une enfant dans la tourmente de la Shoah, assassinée en décembre 1941 sur la plage de Skede (Lettonie)( Raoul Perrot et Yvonne Desbois)[html / PDF]
    • Expertise biométrique d'une peinture datant de la fin du XIX° et pouvant représenter Alice Hoschedé, la seconde épouse de Claude Monet ( Raoul Perrot)[html / PDF]
    • Biométrique de similarité et vieillissement du visage (Raoul Perrot )[html / PDF]
    • Expertise biométrique et morphologique comparative d'une série de photographies de la famille Garcia-Bosch-de Morales-de Sola avec deux tableaux et  une monnaie représentant le Roi d'Espagne Alphonse XII dans le but de démontrer un possible lien de parenté  (Raoul Perrot)[html / PDF]
    • Compléments à l'expertise biométrique et morphologique comparative d'une série de photographies de la famille Garcia de Morales dans le but de démontrer un possible lien de parenté avec le Roi d'Espagne Alphonse XII : comparaisons des visages d'Alfonso XIII et d'Hernando de Morales entre-eux et avec celui de leur père respectif (Raoul Perrot) [html / PDF]

       

     Cahiers d'AnthropoBiométrique / 6 / 2018 (Le volume 6 des CLAB aurait du normalement paraitre en 2017 mais des problèmes techniques et l'absence de contributeurs ne l'ont pas permis : nous prions nos fidèles lecteurs de nous en excuser!)

    • Identification par biométrique de similarité d'un jeune héros de l'insurection de Budapest (octobre 1956) (Raoul Perrot ) [html / PDF]
    • Expertise biométrique et morphologique d'un tableau pouvant représenter le poète Charles Baudelaire (Raoul Perrot ) [html / PDF]

                                                                                                                                                                                         


    Cahiers Lyonnais d'AnthropoBiométrique / 7
    / 2023
    (Le volume 7 des CLAB aurait du normalement paraitre en 2019-2020  mais - une fois de plus!-des problèmes techniques et l'absence de contributeurs ne l'ont pas permis : nous prions nos fidèles lecteurs de nous en excuser!)
     Mise en ligne dans le cadre de ce dernier numéro des CLAB d'un article consacré à la survie de la Grande Duchesse Anastasia de Russie lors de la révolution Bolchévique de 1917: dans ce travail, les deux auteurs font appel
    au remarquable et exceptionnel fonds iconographique de la famille d'Alisa Vlady et à la Biométrique de silmilarité dont Raoul Perrot est spécialiste depuis de nombreuses années.


       

    The Contribution of the Similarity Biometrics provides scientific proof that the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna

    was saved during the period of the Russian Revolution of 1917*


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Raoul Perrot & Alisa Vladi**


    RP: Honorary Professor of Anatomical Anthropology, Doctor of Science, Doctor of Human Biology. Honorary expert in forensic anthropology at the Court of Appeal of Lyon. Specialist in Similarity Biometrics.

    Contact: perrot.labanthropolyon@outlook.fr

    AV:  MSc in History, Teacher of History. State Institute " Lugansk Taras Shevchenko National University". Master's degree paper on "Israel in the System of International Relations (1948-2012)", Department of World History and International Relations.

    Contact: Alicevlady@outlook.com                                                                                          

    *Advertisement   Reprinting or copying elements of this study, such as photographs from the personal archive of Grand Duchess Alisa and the informational component of the text, is possible only with the written permission of the authors of this study. A link to the source, namely to this article published, on the website of the Laboratory of Anatomical Anthropology and Paleopathology of Lyon is possible with the obligatory indication of the names of the authors of the article and the source of borrowing.

    ** In the attachment to this article, Alisa Vlady offers interested readers a Photo Gallery on the imperial family of Russia of which she is a member as great granddaughter of Princess Anastasia.

    Summary

    The two authors, using biometry of similarity applied to the comparative expertise of photos representing on the one hand the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova in her childhood and on the other hand (according to Alisa Vladimirovna's own archives: co-author of  the article) a lady of 20, 60 and 70 years old who would correspond, according to her family tradition, to her great-grandmother  Anastasia Nikolaevna  Romanova,  provide in this article scientific evidence that the Grand Duchess was saved during the period of the Russian Revolution of 1917.

    Keywords

    Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova, 17 July 1918, Russian Revolution of 1917, Comparative expertise of face photographs, Biometric of Similarity



    1 – Introduction (Alisa Vladi, co-author of the article).

    My great-grandmother Anastasia1, daughter of Emperor Nikolay II Alexandrovich and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of All Russia (granddaughter of Queen Victoria), entrusted me with the mission of confirming that her life was saved during the Russian Revolution of 1917, during her lifetime. From a series of family photographs, well identified and dated, provided by me by Alisa Vladi using likeness biometrics, an original scientific method developed by my French friend Raoul Perrot, we wish to demonstrate that Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanov, from our Dynasty Holstein- Gottorp Romanov, was saved during the 1917 Revolution in Russia. The importance of this research for the Historical World Processes leaves no doubt in connection with the family ties of the Holstein-Gottorp Romanov dynasty [A] with the Royal Houses of Europe. And the restoration of truth in the history of Russia. The history of the Russian Empire at the turn of 1917 is undergoing changes and for more than a hundred years’ time hides the family of the legitimate ruler of Russia, Tsar Emperor Nikolay II Alexandrovich.

    The Dowager Empress, the mother of Nikolay II Alexandrovich, Maria Feodorovna, spoke with confidence about the fact that the family was saved. Being the grandmother of Anastasia, she knew about the fate of her granddaughter, namely that she was saved. I affirm this fact on the basis that the Grand Duchess, Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova, is my great-grandmother. In the Historical and Humane-moral context, the words of Maria Feodorovna were not taken with due attention2. As a result, in the post-revolutionary period, several women appear who introduce themselves by the name of my great-grandmother, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova3. And many publications containing the text of studies based on insufficiently verified information. For example, any research article can be taken that is indirectly or directly related to the investigation of post-revolutionary events in Russia in 1918 [B] associated with the mysterious disappearance of the Romanov Imperial Family. The lack of balance of the informative base in previous studies does not give the right to focus on them in this research4. However, in some publications, the question that Anastasia escaped reprisal is confirmed by ongoing research5. I emphasize, this research on the identification of my great-grandmother Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova to provide evidence of the rescue of Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova during the Russian Revolution of 1917 published in this scientific article is the first unique study with the method of Similarity Biometrics, personal photographs of my great-grandmother Anastasia Nikolaevna. Absolute evidence and the absence of similar studies make this study unique in proving the rescue of the daughter of Nikolay II Alexandrovich, Anastasia. All of the above highlights the need to publish the conducted examination of the Biometric Similarity, accompanied by a brief historical background on the life of Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova 6, her photographs at a young and advanced age (Figure 1) and her photo in 50 years old (Figure 11) as well as the results of a scientific study of Biometric Similarity, the Purpose of which confirms the title of this scientific article.

     And of course, many thanks to everyone who supported us on the way to the announcement of Anastasia who survived and saved her life, for the sake of the future of the Dynasty! 



    2 – Materials

    From the family archives of Alisa Vladimirovna, we have retained for this comparative expertise 5 shots of Anastasia: 2 during her youth, 3 as an adult.

    Figure 1 – 5 faces of Anastasia: 7 years old–9 years old - 20 years old–60 years old –70 years old

    Aperçu de l’imageAperçu de l’imageAperçu de l’imageAperçu de l’imageAperçu de l’image

     

    3 – Methodology

    It uses the Biometric of Similarity.

    The Biometrics of Similarity is an original methodology developed at the end of the 20th century [1] within the Laboratory of Anatomical Anthropology and Paleopathology of Lyon and which consists, as part of a search for identification of the author of  an armed robbery (AVM) to compare two by two  a photograph of the face of B (unknown:  the author of the VAM) with a photograph of the face of A  (font file showing the face  known to the accused): the purpose being to determine whether face B is A.

    Later the method will leave the judicial field to venture successfully into that of the general identification of persons [2-3-4-5]. This is particularly the case today in this comparative study of photographs proposed by Mrs. Alisa Vladi to demonstrate that Princess Anastasia was saved during the period of the Russian Revolution of 1917. A will be young Anastasia this time, B will be Anastasia adult.

    On each image is established a local descriptor corresponding to an invariant signature using anatomical points which connect them provide parameters and angular values. It is important to note that the comparison of the raw values of the same parameter on the two snapshots is never considered but that of geometric invariants [index ratios comparing the parameters two by two (general formula of an index: parameter 1 x 100 / parameter 2) + angular values] which offers the considerable advantage of being able to work on snapshots that are not at the same scale!

    Note the importance of the general shape of the face or "facial polygon" considering 6 facial points: A = right zygoma / B = glabella / C = left zygoma / D = left mandibular angle / E = chin tip / F = right mandibular angle) and 6 parameters: AB / BC / CD / DE / FE / FA (cf. Figure 2).


    To these 6 parameters is added the facial height BE. All these 6 parameters are confronted in an index of the facial polygon whose formula is BE / sigma of the 6 sides of the facial polygon.

     

    On a practical level, the methodology is as follows:

    1.      For each index (or angular) value is considered the difference B / A: the result will be positive if the value B is larger than that A, negative otherwise,

    2.      The sum of the N differences B/A is the algebraic sigma,

    3.      The algebraic sigma / N ratio (number of index and angular values retained) provides the similarity score which varies from 0 to 10,

    4.      Each score is assigned a % of assimilation (= resemblance) of the two faces (see Table 1).

    Results:

    1. For a score of 0, the assimilation % of both faces is 100%. The two faces therefore have 100% similarity which leads to the conclusion that B is A:  Adult Anastasia and young Anastasia are the same person!
    2. For a score of 1, the assimilation % of the two faces is 90%. The two faces therefore have 90% similarity which leads to the conclusion that there is a high probability that B is A: namely that adult Anastasia and young Anastasia can be the same person!
    3. On the other hand, for a score of 10, the % of assimilation of the two faces is 0%! The two faces have no metric similarity which leads to the conclusion that B and A are two different people: Anastasia adult is by no means Anastasia young become an adult!

    Table 1 - Similarity score and % of assimilation considered in the comparison.


    core

     %

    Score

     %

    Score

     %

    Score

     %

    Score

     %

    Score

     %

     0

     100

     1.7

     83

     3.4

     66

     5.1

     49

    6.8

     32

     8.5

     15

     0.1

     99

     1.8

     82

     3.5

     65

     5.2

     48

     6.9

     31

     8.6

     14

     0.2

     98

     1.9

     81

     3.6

     64

     5.3

     47

     7

     30

     8.7

     13

     0.3

     97

     2

     80

     3.7

     63

     5.4

     46

     7.1

     29

     8.8

     12

     0.4

     96

     2.1

     79

     3.8

     62

     5.5

     45

     7.2

     28

     8.9

     11

     0.5

     95

     2.2

     78

     3.9

     61

     5.6

     44

    7.3

     27

     9

     10

     0.6

     94

     2.3

     77

     4

     60

     5.7

     43

     7.4

     26

     9.1

     9

     0.7

     93

     2.4

     76

     4.1

     59

     5.8

     42

     7.5

     25

     9.2

     8

     0.8

     92

     2.5

     75

     4.2

     58

     5.9

     41

     7.6

     24

     9.3

     7

     0.9

     91

     2.6

     74

     4.3

     57

     6

     40

     7.7

     23

     9.4

     6

     1

     90

     2.7

     73

     4.4

     56

     6.1

     39

     7.8

     22

     9.5

     5

     1.1

     89

     2.8

     72

     4.5

     55

     6.2

     38

     7.9

     21

     9.6

     4

     1.2

     88

     2.9

     71

     4.6

     54

    6.3

     37

     8

     20

     9.7

     3

     1.3

     87

     3

     70

     4.7

     53

    6.4

     36

     8.1

     19

     9.8.

     2

     1.4

     86

     3.1

     69

     4.8

     52

    6.5

     35

     8.2

     18

     9.9

     1

     1.5

     85

     3.2

     68

     4.9

     51

     6.6

     34

     8.3

     17

     10

     0

     1.6

     84

     3.3

     67

     5

     50

     6.7

     33

     8.4

    16

     

     

     

    4 – Results

    4.1- General

    Three comparisons were made:

           Anastasia 9 years old /Anastasia 20 years old 

           Anastasia 9 years old /Anastasia 60 years old

           Anastasia 7 years old /Anastasia 70 years old 

    4.2- Comparisons Anastasia 9 years old /Anastasia 20 years old /Anastasia 60 years old   

    17 facial points were selected on Anastasia's face 9 years old (Table 2): These 17 faciometric points made it possible to consider 29 parameters (Table 3) and 10 angular values (Table 4) and to calculate 21 indices for each face, i.e., 31 values that will be compared (Table 4 and 6).

     

    Table 2 – Facial points (see Fig. 2 / Fig. 3)


    1

    A

    Right Zygoma

    2

    B

    Glabella

    3

    C

    Left Zygoma

    4

    D

    Right mandibular angle

    5

    E

    Chin tip

    6

    F

    Left mandibular angle

    7

    G

    Nasion

    8

    H

    BE/LM intersection

    9

    I

    BE/AC intersection

    10

    J

    Nasal

    11

    K

    BE/FD intersection

    12

    L

    Right eyeball

    13

    M

    Left eyeball

    14

    N

    Right lateral labial commissure

    15

    O

    Left lateral labial commissure

    16

    P

    Right lateral  nostril

    17

    Q

    Left lateral nostril

     

    Table 3 – Parameter values (cm) [for angular values: Table 4]


    Parameters

    Anastasia 9-11

    Anastasia 20

    Anastasia 60

    1

    AB

    32.94

    42.85

    42.90

    2

    BC

    34.57

    45.72

    45.45

    3

    CD

    30.99

    28.63

    24.11

    4

    DE

    32.43

    45.98

    37.93

    5

    EF

    32.41

    44.55

    40.95

    6

    FA

    30.42

    27.60

    25.87

    7

    Sigma AB-FA/6

    32.29

    39.22

     

    36.15

    8

    BE

    55.13

    46.54

    66.25

    9

    BG

    3.41

    0.59

    0.64

    10

    BH

    6.45

    4.53

    5.23

    11

    BI

    8.65

    15.35

    16.77

    12

    BJ

    25.86

    27.64

    26.70

    13

    BK

    36.09

    43.39

    40.48

    14

    LH

    14.33

    16.14

    17.58

    15

    LM

    29.91

    33.98

    29.22

    16

    AI

    32.58

    38

    32.83

    17

    AC

    65.38

    77.64

    71.33

    18

    AP

    31.16

    31.57

    23

    19

    PQ

    14.10

    19.67

    15.50

    20

    AN

    36.19

    37.70

    30.62

    21

    FK

    26.87

    35.39

    34.33

    22

    NO

    25.31

    27.68

    21.22

    23

    FD

    53.01

    73.70

    62.18

    24

    CQ

    32.18

    32.62

    25.65

    25

    CO

    35.29

    36.99

    29.34

    26

    NE

    22.86

    29.64

    20.41

    27

    OE

    22.03

    30.06

    19.47

    28

    LP

    23.28

    23.25

    15.90

    29

    MQ

    23.57

    22.85

    16.41


    Figure 2– Anastasia's faces at 9 and 20 years old compared according to the 6 points of the facial polygon  :

    [A = right zygoma / B = glabella / C = left zygoma / D = left mandibular angle / E = chin tip / F = right mandibular angle]

    ANASTASIA face's at 20 years old

    Table 4 - Metric similarity between Anastasia 9 and Anastasia 20


    CLUES

    Anastasia 9

    Anastasia 20

    Difference

    1

    BE/ Sigma AB-FA/6

    1.71

    1.19

    +0.52

    2

    AF/BE

    55.18

    59.30

    +4.12

    3

    CD/BE

    56.21

    61.52

    +5.31

    4

    LM/AC

    45.75

    43.77

    -1.98

    5

    LM/FD

    50.42

    46.11

    -10.31

    6

    LM/PQ

    212.13

    172.75

    -39.38

    7

    LM/NO

    118.17

    122.76

    +4.59

    8

    LH/LM

    47.91

    47.50

    -0.41

    9

    AI/AC

    49.83

    48.94

    -0.89

    10

    FK/FD

    50.69

    48.02

    -2.67

    11

    BG/BE

    6.19

    1.27

    -4.92

    12

    BH/BE

    11.70

    9.73

    -1.97

    13

    BJ/BE

    46.91

    59.39

    +12.48

    14

    JE/BE

    51.79

    88.96

    +37.17

    15

    JK/JE 

    35.27

    38.38

    +3.11

    16

    AP/BC

    90.14

    69.05

    -21.09

    17

    AN/BC

    104.69

    82.46

    -22.23

    18

    CQ/AB

    97.69

    76.13

    -31.56

    19

    CD/AB

    94.08

    66.81

    -27.27

    20

    LP/CD

    75.12

    81.21

    +6.09

    21

    MQ/AF

    77.48

    82.79

    +5.31

    Angular values

    22

    ABC

    155

    124

    -31

    23

    BCD

    88

    102

    +14

    24

    CDE

    137

    130

    -7

    25

    DEF

    110

    108

    -2

    26

    EFA

    137

    133

    -4

    27

    FAB

    92

    116

    +24

    28

    BAP

    50

    48

    -2

    29

    BAN

    68

    76

    +8

    30

    BCQ

    48

    75

    +27

    31

    BCO

    68

    74

    +6

    Algebraic sigma (sigma Anastasia 20 years – sigma Anastasia 9-11 years) 

    52.98

    Similarity score [algebraic sigma / N (N =31)]

    1.71

    Metric similarity between the two faces

    83%

    Conclusion:  Comparison Anastasia 9 / Anastasia 20 The two faces therefore have 83 % similarity which leads to the conclusion that there is a high probability that Anastasia (20 years old) and Anastasia (9 years old) are the same person!!!


    4.3- Comparison Anastasia 9-14 years old   / Anastasia 60 years old   


    Figure 3 – Anastasia's faces at 9 and 60 years old compared according to similarity biometrics.

    Anastasia 60 biometry

    Table 6 - Metric similarity between Anastasia 9 and Anastasia 60


    CLUES

    Anastasia 9

    Anastasia 60

    Difference

    1

    BE/ Sigma AB-FA/6

    1.71

    1.83

    -0.12

    2

    AF/BE

    55.18

    39.05

    -16.13

    3

    CD/BE

    56.21

    36.39

    -19.82

    4

    LM/AC

    45.75

    40.96

    -4.79

    5

    LM/FD

    56.42

    46.99

    -9.43

    6

    LM/PQ

    212.13

    188.52

    -23.61

    7

    LM/NO

    118.17

    137.70

    +19.53

    8

    LH/LM

    47.91

    60.16

    +12.25

    9

    AI/AC

    49.83

    45.03

    -3.80

    10

    FK/FD

    50.69

    55.21

    +4.52

    11

    BG/BE

    6.19

    0.97

    -5.22

    12

    BH/BE

    11.70

    7.89

    -3.81

    13

    BJ/BE

    46.91

    40.30

    -6.61

    14

    JE/BE

    51.79

    53.06

    +1.27

    15

    JK/JE

    35.27

    39.57

    +4.30

    16

    AP/BC

    90.14

    50.94

    -39.20

    17

    AN/BC

    104.69

    67.82

    -36.87

    18

    CQ/AB

    97.69

    59.79

    -37.90

    19

    CD/AB

    94.08

    56.20

    -37.88

    20

    LP/CD

    75.12

    65.95

    -9.17

    21

    MQ/AF

    77.48

    63.43

    -14.05

    Angular values

    22

    ABC

    155

    124

    -31

    23

    BCD

    88

    111

    +23

    24

    CDE

    137

    135

    -2

    25

    DEF

    110

    117

    +7

    26

    EFA

    137

    130

    -7

    27

    FAB

    92

    108

    +16

    28

    BAP

    50

    49

    -1

    29

    BAN

    68

    73

    +5

    30

    BCQ

    48

    43

    -5

    31

    BCO

    68

    73

    +5

    Algebraic sigma (sigma Anastasia 60 years – sigma Anastasia 9 years) 

    216.54

    Similarity score [algebraic sigma / N (N =31)]

    6.99

    Metric similarity between the two faces

    31%

     

    Conclusion:  Comparison Anastasia 9 / Anastasia 60

     

    The two faces therefore have 31 % similarity which leads to the conclusion that there is a few probabilities that Anastasia (60 years old) and Anastasia (9 years old) are the same person!!!

     

    4.3- Comparison Anastasia 7 years old   / Anastasia 70 years old   

    17 facial points were selected (Table 7): These 17 faciometric points made it possible to consider 30 parameters (Table 8) and 9 angular values (Table 9) and to calculate 18 indices for each face, i.e., 27 values that will be compared (Table 9).

    Table 7 – Facial points (see Fig. 5)

    1

    A

    Right Zygoma

    2

    B

    Glabella

    3

    C

    Left Zygoma

    4

    D

    Right mandibular angle

    5

    E

    Chin tip

    6

    F

    Left mandibular angle

    7

    G

    Nasion

    8

    H

    BE/AC intersection

    9

    I

    BE/NO intersection

    10

    J

    Nasal

    11

    K

    BE/FD intersection

    12

    L

    Right eye lateral angle

    13

    M

    Left eye side angle

    14

    N

    Lateral right nostril

    15

    O

    Left lateral nostril

    16

    P

    Right labial commissure

    17

    Q

    Left labial commissure


    Table 8 – Parameter values (cm) [for angular values: Table 9]


    Parameters

    Anastasia 7

    Anastasia 70

    1

    AB

    52.71

    54.01

    2

    BC

    58.45

    56.52

    3

    CD

    47.84

    50.18

    4

    DE

    58.41

    53.31

    5

    EF

    55.91

    52.38

    6

    FA

    46.39

    49.72

    7

    Sigma AB-FA/6

    53.29

    52.69

    8

    BE

    92.61

    96.05

    9

    BG

    8.36

    7.90

    10

    BI

    42.83

    45.02

    11

    BJ

    50.48

    50.55

    12

    BK

    58.55

    66.18

    13

    AC

    108.22

    105.83

    14

    LM

    83.72

    82.66

    15

    LH

    40.93

    41.35

    16

    NO

    31.92

    29.43

    17

    NI

    16.26

    14.89

    18

    FD

    90.25

    85.39

    19

    PQ

    35.03

    42.41

    20

    PK

    18.83

    22.02

    21

    LN

    39.72

    38.74

    22

    LP

    51.90

    52.47

    23

    AP

    57.25

    57.73

    24

    MO

    39.75

    38.62

    25

    MQ

    52.00

    52.63

    26

    CQ

    60.55

    58.61

    27

    NJ

    19.01

    16.72

    28

    JO

    18.82

    15.84

    29

    NP

    18.43

    21.51

    30

    OQ

    17.10

    21.52


    Figure  4– Anastasia's faces at 7 and 70 years old compared according to similarity biometrics.


    Anastasia 7 biometryAnastasia 70 biometry


    Table 9 - Metric similarity between the two faces


    CLUES

    Anastasia 7

    Anastasia 70

    Difference

    1

    BE/ Sigma AB-FA/6

    1.74

    1.82

    0.08

    2

    FD/AC

    88.39

    80.69

    2.70

    3

    BG//BE

    9.03

    8.22

    -0.81

    4

    BI/BE

    46.25

    46.87

    0.62

    5

    BJ/BE

    54.51

    52.63

    -1.88

    6

    BK/BE

    63.22

    68.90

    5.68

    7

    LH/LM

    48.89

    50.02

    1.13

    8

    NI/NO

    50.94

    50.59

    -0.35

    9

    PK/PQ

    53.75

    51.92

    -1.83

    10

    LN/MO

    99.92

    100.31

    0.39

    11

    LP/MQ

    99.81

    99.70

    -0.11

    12

    AP/CQ

    94.55

    98.50

    3.95

    13

    NP/OQ

    89.06

    99.95

    10.89

    14

    NJ/FE

    34

    31.92

    -2.08

    15

    JO/ED

    32.22

    29.71

    -2.51

    16

    AB/ED

    90.24

    101.31

    11.07

    17

    BC/EF

    104.54

    107.90

    3.36

    18

    CD/AF

    103.13

    100.93

    -2.20

    Angular values

    19

    ABC

    154

    145

    -9

    20

    BCD

    103

    96

    -7

    21

    DEF

    105

    110

    5

    22

    EFA

    141

    140

    -1

    23

    LBM

    148

    133

    -15

    24

    LGM

    167

    156

    -11

    25

    NBO

    42

    35

    -7

    26

    NGO

    47

    42

    -5

    27

    PEQ

    56

    69

    13

    Algebraic sigma (sigma Anastasia 70 years – sigma Anastasia 7 years) 

    10.03

    Similarity score [algebraic sigma / N (N = 27)]

    0.37

    Metric similarity between the two faces

    96 %

     
     

    Conclusion
    :  Comparison Anastasia 7 / Anastasia 70
     


    The two faces therefore have 96% similarity which leads to the conclusion that there is a very high probability that Anastasia (70 years old) and Anastasia (7 years old) are the same person!!!

     

    5  Discussion

    5.1 – As a preamble, let us recall the result of the three comparisons:

    1.                Anastasia 9 / Anastasia 20 = 83% metric similarity

    2.               Anastasia 9 / Anastasia 60 = 31% metric similarity

    3.               Anastasia 7 / Anastasia 70 = 96% metric similarity

    One striking result is the weakness of the result of the comparison of Anastasia 60 years with the little girl of 9 years. This prompted the two authors to add a third comparison concerning Anastasia at 20 and 60 years old: the hypothesis considered being that aging (40 years separating the two faces) could explain the result obtained.


    5.2 Comparison Anastasia 20 / Anastasia 60                                     

    Figure 5– Anastasia's faces at 20 and 60 years old compared according to similarity biometrics.


    Anastasia 20 yearsAnastasia 60 years biometry


    CLUES

    Anastasia 20

    Anastasia 60

    Difference

    1

    BE/ Sigma AB-FA/6

    1.19

    1.83

    -0.64

    2

    AF/BE

    53.30

    39.05

    -14.25

    3

    CD/BE

    61.52

    36.39

    -25.13

    4

    LM/AC

    43.77

    40.96

    -2.81

    5

    LM/FD

    46.11

    46.99

    +0.88

    6

    LM/PQ

    172.75

    188.52

    +15.77

    7

    LM/NO

    122.76

    137.70

    +14.94

    8

    LH/LM

    47.50

    60.16

    +12.66

    9

    AI/AC

    48.94

    45.03

    -3.91

    10

    FK/FD

    48.02

    55.21

    +7.19

    11

    BG/BE

    1.27

    0.97

    -0.3

    12

    BH/BE

    9.73

    7.89

    -1.84

    13

    BJ/BE

    59.39

    40.30

    -19.09

    14

    JE/BE

    88.96

    53.06

    -35.9

    15

    JK/JE

    38.38

    39.57

    +1.19

    16

    AP/BC

    69.05

    50.94

    -18.11

    17

    AN/BC

    82.46

    67.82

    -1.23

    18

    CQ/AB

    76.13

    59.79

    -16.34

    19

    CD/AB

    66.81

    56.20

    -10.67

    20

    LP/CD

    81.21

    65.95

    -15.26

    21

    MQ/AF

    82.79

    63.43

    -19.36

    Angular values

    22

    ABC

    124

    124

    0

    23

    BCD

    102

    111

    +9

    24

    CDE

    130

    135

    +5

    25

    DEF

    108

    117

    +9

    26

    EFA

    133

    130

    -3

    27

    FAB

    116

    108

    -8

    28

    BAP

    48

    49

    +1

    29

    BAN

    76

    73

    -3

    30

    BCQ

    45

    43

    -2

    31

    BCO

    74

    73

    -1

    Algebraic sigma (sigma Anastasia 60 years – sigma Anastasia 20 years) 

    99.48

    Similarity score [algebraic sigma / N (N =31)]

    3.21

    Metric similarity between the two faces

    68 %


    Conclusion:  Comparison Anastasia 20 / Anastasia 60

    In absolute terms, this result of 68% would argue in favor of a high probability that both faces belong to the same person despite the age difference of 40 years! But we know, moreover, that the two photographs are indeed those of Anastasia at two periods of her life. Indeed, the co-author of the article (Alisa Vladi) remembers well her great-great-grandmother Anastasia aged about sixty years, with whom she had been photographed when she was 4 years old  (Figure 6) :


    Figure 6 – Alisa, 4 years old with Anastasia aged 80 years old and 60 years old



    In summary, Anastasia at 60-year-old shows 68% metric similarity to her 20-year-old face (40-year age difference) and 31% metric similarity to her 9-year-old face (50-year age difference): these values clearly show the link between facial morphology and aging! We can therefore, in conclusion, validly conclude that Anastasia 9 years old and Anastasia 60 years old are the same person!

    5.3 – Comparison Anastasia 7 / Anastasia 70  

    This important result of 96% metric similarity is surprising and justifies a particular study. The visual comparison of the two faces immediately shows that the two subjects were photographed in direct sunlight causing a well-marked blink of the eyelids and the formation of an eye slit where the eyeball are invisible, which was not the case for the other faces selected for the comparative study! These changes in facial morphology can largely justify the result obtained, especially since over all the two faces are clearly blurred if we compare them to the others! Any way this does not call into question the rapprochement of the two faces of Anastasia at 7 years old and 70 years old!!!

    5.4 – Comparison five polygon facial

    We have already indicated the interest presented by the facial polygon (Figure 2) summarizing in a metric value the general appearance of the face.

    The following table summarizes the values associated with the 5 ages of Anastasia:

       

        7 years old

         9 years old

        20 years old

       60 years old

       70 years old

            1.74

             1.71

              1.19

              1.83

              1.82

     

    The values evolve from 1.71 to 1.83 for an average of 1.66 which brought back to the 31 index values retained in the comparisons gives a theoretical score of 0.05 or almost 99-100% morphometric resemblance at the level of the overall appearance of the face!!!

     

    6 - Conclusion

    This long comparative study, whose aim was to demonstrate that Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova was able to escape the massacre of her family during the Russian Revolution of 1917, benefited from the exceptional photographic documentation, well identified, and dated, from the family fund of Alisa Vladi (Grand Duchess Alisa Vladimirovna) co-author of the article and great-granddaughter of Anastasia!!!

    It must be emphasized (compared to all the works already published on the "Anastasia affair") that this is the first time that so many documents have been gathered whose authenticity, and therefore reliability, is indisputable!!!

    The biometric of similarity was therefore applied to 5 chronological stages of Anastasia's life: 7 years, 9 years, 20 years, 60 years, 70 years, it demonstrates in an indisputable scientific way that Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova was indeed saved during the Russian Revolution of 1917!!!

     

    7- Notes (Alisa Vladi, co-author of the article).

    1 - I remember my great-grandmother Grand Duchess Anastasia very well. She took the most responsible part in my upbringing until my decade. To expand on the topic, I will add that she considered it important for upbringing to have a musical education and she gave me a gift of a piano and accompanied me to dance lessons. She taught me all she knew herself. Also, in this photo (Figure 6) you can see that Anastasia was not tall in stature. Here I am (4 years old) standing on a small chair next to my great-grandmother Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova, but she is standing on her feet . Her height was 157 cm (Figure 7). Our beloved, with cheerful gray-blue eyes, long blond hair that did not have silver hair.

    In the photo (Figure 1) Anastasia is 20 years old. At that time, she wore short hair. Her hair only grew back after she and her sisters shaved off their hair after getting measles[C]. She had a noticeable mole on her back between her shoulder blades. She also had several moles on her friendly face (some of these age spots are known to be genetically transmitted). She was always attentive to every detail, was extremely frank, as far as possible, so as not to harm her family of loved ones in the Soviet period. When we became adults, we helped and protected Her. Every word of my great-grandmother Anastasia became dear to us.

    Figure 7 – Anastasia, 50 years old


    Great-grandmother Anastasia spoke about her royal parents with great affection, tenderness, and great love to father Nikolay II Alexandrovich and Mother Alexandra Feodorovna. Speaking about herself, my great-grandmother Anastasia emphasized Her Porphyrogenitus birth (purple-bor). Her childhood memories were vivid and memorable. I and many descendants of those with whom my great- Grandmother Anastasia knew remember, she said that her father played the flute. He also wanted to teach her to play the flute. She loved listening to his music, and she loved listening to a brass band, but she didn't want to learn to play the flute, preferring to play the piano.

    Relationships in our family have always been absolutely trusting. She called all her young descendants: "My little ones."

    Attentive, serious, resolute, and business-like nature helped her overcome the destruction of the family nest during the Russian Revolution of 1917. She was able to create her own family, which she adored and was deeply loved by all of us.

    Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova, in her younger years, was a midwife engaged in private practice. Anastasia's mother, Tsaritsa Alexandra Fedorovna, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, my great-great-grandmother, considered it a duty of honor to help people. Also among her occupations was sewing and knitting clothes for the family and people who came to her with this request.

    Will, as a character trait of my great-grandmother Anastasia, extended to everything that she considered right to do. Including help to those in need Anastasia was transferred from the royal mother. With the outbreak of the First World War[D], often visiting hospitals for wounded soldiers, which were established by her mother Alexandra Feodorovna[E], she acquired the skills of caring for the wounded, which were useful to her during the Second World War[F]. After the rescue and until the end of the war in 1945, Anastasia lived in a house (Figure 8) that belonged to the family of her savior, Dmitry Ivanovich Kalashnikov.

     

    Figure 8 - The oak log house of the nobility, in which Anastasia lived after her rescue (the photo was taken in 2017, a hundred years after the Russian Revolution).

    CABANE

    2- The family of Dmitry Ivanovich Kalashnikov, who accepts Anastasia Nikolaevna as his own daughter under the name of Anastasia Dmitrievna Kalashnikova according to the passport and other documents with the date of birth changed December 18, 1912.  D. I. Kalashnikov became the named father for Anastasia and, therefore, another grandfather for us.
    Anastasia never worked for the Soviet government. Together with the family of Dmitry Ivanovich Kalashnikov, a Cossack, an officer in the Tsarist army who saved my great-grandmother Grand Duchess Anastasia, they continued to help people. Both, who once swore allegiance to our Dynasty, Empire and Russia, remained true to their oathCahiers Lyonnais d'AnthropoBiométrique (laboratoiredanthropologieanatomiqueetdepaleopathologiedelyon.fr) forever!

    3 - Maria Feodorovna, Empress Dowager Mother of Nikolay II, knew about the fate of her beloved granddaughter Anastasia, the youngest daughter of her son, Tsar Nikolay II Alexandrovich, who did not renounce Russia. That she was saved. Maria Fedorovna spoke about this and wrote in her letters and telegrams, diplomatically not talking about the saved granddaughter Anastasia. Maria Feodorovna always made it clear that her hopes for the salvation of her loved ones were justified. Now, part of the letters and her diaries are in the Royal Danish Archives and private archives. These letters often become a source of attention for research articles and books devoted to research on the life of the Royal family of the Holstein-Gottorp Romanov dynasty [G.a][G.b][ 1].

     4- Due to the turmoil caused by the revolution, beginning in 1917, rumors began to spread quickly about the possible salvation of the Royal Family. Some people have succumbed to the temptation to illegally be called by the name of my Porphyrogenitus birth great-grandmother Anastasia. Anastasia herself considered them actors playing in the theater of the History of her salvation. Impostors[H], played a role in saving my great-grandmother Anastasia. At a time when there was a need for silence in the affairs of our family, the Pretenders Came to the fore and thus, unwittingly, helped the cause of salvation.

    This study will stop the flow of impostors that began over a hundred years ago.

    5- In previous research about our Dynasty there are no testimonies of witnesses of ongoing events, the absence of documentary evidence such as Photo or Cinema chronology proving the massacre of the family of Emperor Nikolay II Alexandrovich! However, at the turn of the 19th and 20th century, newsreel photographs were already widely used inCahiers Lyonnais d'AnthropoBiométrique (laboratoiredanthropologieanatomiqueetdepaleopathologiedelyon.fr) documentary chronology. The absence of an examination of what happened by a forensic expert and the absence of witness testimony during the first minutes of what was happening in Yekaterinburg in the Ipatiev House in July 1918. The absence of a protocol for questioning witnesses under oath at the beginning of the Soviet period.

     Such conclusions about the fate of the family of Emperor Nikolay II do not have a clear logical chain, and therefore the study of the fate of the Royal Family of the Holstein-Gottorp Romanov Dynasty cannot be considered complete without human and moral rehabilitation!

     We present research based on photographic materials, testifying to the life of Anastasia in 1921, 1961, 1970-72, which corresponds to 20, 60, 70 years (Figure 1). And supplemented by the memories of the descendants of Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova. And yet, for the sake of revealing the truth about the salvation of Anastasia, which this scientific article serves, it must be added that some researchers approached the disclosure of real events based on the results of research, scientifically proving that the remains of Anastasia were not found.

    In the article by the SEARCH Foundation, Inc. Scientific Expedition to Account for the Romanov Children, publishes a review of the results of expeditions to Russia to the territory of the alleged burial place of the "remains of members of the Royal Family". And research conducted in research centers in America and Russia. The American-Russian study did not give unanimous conclusions. Dr. Maples and American anthropologists believed that the bones attributed by the Russians to Anastasia belonged to a 19-year-old woman - no younger[I]. At the same time, we know that Anastasia was born in 1901 and in 1918 she was 17 years old.

    This research example, correlated by Professor Raoul Perrot's current research, proved the rescue of Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova by the photos from my family archive, photographs that clearly represent the life of my great-grandmother, Grand Duchess Anastasia.

    6- Chronology of the most important events in the life of Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova:

    ·       1901, June 5 (according to the Julian calendar), the birth of Anastasia in Peterhof, St. Petersburg province.

    ·       1914, before the First World War.  Dmitry Ivanovich Kalashnikov, Cossack, Officer in the Tsarist Army, was summoned to St. Petersburg to meet Tsar Nikolay II Alexandrovich.  Anastasia's rescue plan was prepared in advance.Cahiers Lyonnais d'AnthropoBiométrique (laboratoiredanthropologieanatomiqueetdepaleopathologiedelyon.fr)

    ·       1917, during the revolutionary uprising, it was decided to apply the rescue plan and take Grand Duchess Anastasia to a safe place.

    ·       1931 Anastasia marries a Cossack, my great-grandfather Kuzma.

    ·       1933 she gave birth to a daughter, my grandmother Tamara.

    ·       1937, she gave birth to a son, Vasily.

    ·       1946, becomes a widow.  Since then, she devoted the rest of her life to her own children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren.

    ·       1985, February 16, date of death of Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova in USSR:  at the funeral the Military Brass Band played.

     

    7-    Final part

     My appeal to everyone who personally believes in the Almighty and in the fact that, according to His Will, almighty time with its properties reveals everything secret! We say thank you! Everyone who believes in the salvation of the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova should be personally grateful to Raoul Perrot, Honorary Professor of Anatomical Anthropology, Doctor of Sciences, Doctor of Biological Sciences. Honorary Expert in Forensic Anthropology at the Court of Appeal of Lyon, to have been able to demonstrate it! He is especially worthy to have his name associated with ours: to all of us, representatives of te direct line of heirs of the Holstein-Gottorp Romanov Dynasty.

    As for me, my great-grandmother, Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova, with her blessing for the discovery of the mystery of her salvation, gave me her title for safekeeping. My duly proven kinship with Anastasia authorizes me to bear the title of Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Alisa Vladimirovna of the Holstein-Gottorp Romanov Dynasty, with the right to transfer before the Almighty and the people to my descendants or relatives, regardless of male gender or through the female line, or their hereditary connection with the Holstein-Gottorp Romanov dynasty.

    On behalf of Grand Duchess Anastasia and our Dynasty Holstein-Gottorp Romanov. To everyone who personally believed all this time in the salvation of Anastasia, we express our gratitude and deep recognition for the Faith in the salvation of the members of the Imperial family, for the Hope on the truth and selfless Love for our small and Great Anastasia!



    7 - Bibliography


    [1] Perrot R., 1996. Use of Anthropological Methods in the Identification of Unknown Individuals: Human Remains and Armed Robbers. 14 third Meeting of the International Association of Forensic Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.

    [2] Perrot R., 2005. Expertise anthropologique comparative de photographies d’œuvres d’art concernant le peintre Benvenuto CELLINI. Demandée par Mme Laure PIETRAS, Département Design, EURL Laboratoire Cosmo Di Medici,15 rue de Choiseul, 75002, Paris, France.

    [3] Perrot R., 2007. Expertise anthropologique comparative de photographies de tableaux concernant les peintres Bernardino Luini et Leonardo da Vinci. Demandée par Mme Stéphanie Bordarier Lascours, Département Design, EURL Laboratoire Cosmo Di Medici,15 rue de Choiseul, 75002, Paris, France.

    [4] Perrot R., 2016. Expertise biométrique d'une peinture datant de la fin du XIX° et pouvant représenter Alice Hoschedé, la seconde épouse de Claude Monet. http://www.laboratoiredanthropologieanatomiqueetdepaleopathologiedelyon.fr/Alice%20MONET/EXPERTISE%20TABLEAU%20ALICE%20MONET%202016.htm

    [5] Perrot R., 2018. Expertise biométrique et morphologique d'un tableau pouvant représenter le poète Charles Baudelaire. http://www.laboratoiredanthropologieanatomiqueetdepaleopathologiedelyon.fr/EXPERTISE%20BAUDELAIRE%2010%2001%202018.htm


    8 - Internet sources

    [A]- Dynasty Holstein - Gottorp Romanov 

    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Romanov

    [B]- https://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/revolutions_russian_empire

    [C]- Daughter of Tsar Nikolai II during an illness    https://www.vintag.es/2020/06/romanov-daughters-shaved-heads.html

    [D]- https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I

    [E]-Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna and charity    https://tzar.ru/index.php/objects/museumgreatwar/nicholas_II

    [F]-  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II

    [G.a]- Electronic journal: Russkaya Mysl., journalist Nadia Knudsen, Article in Russian: "The Empress  did not bless the Pretender" 05.02.202 https://russianmind.com/samozvancza-imperatricza-ne-blagoslovila/ 

    [G.b]- Jensen B.,1967. Zarmoder blandt Zarmordere. Enkekejserinde Dagmar og Danemar 1917-1928. Kbhvn,

    [H]- Peter Kurth, article: Anna-Anastasia: Notes on  "Franziska Schanzkowska" https://web.archive.org/web/20080208161514/http://www.peterkurth.com/ANNA-ANAST 

    [I]- SEARCH Foundation, Inc. Scientific Expedition to Account for the Romanov Children  http://www.searchfoundationinc.org/main-ru  and http://www.searchfoundationinc.org/ 



    Cahiers Lyonnais d'AnthropoBiométrique, 7, 2023 / Lyon-France ISSN 2260-0442 6, 2018 / The Contribution of the Similarity Biometrics provides scientific proof that the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna was saved during the period of the Russian Revolution of 1917 (Raoul Perrot & Alisa Vladi)


    Version html française de l'article (pour les hyperliens du texte cf. la version anglaise)


    Cahiers Lyonnais d'AnthropoBiométrique, 7, 2023 / Lyon-France ISSN 2260-0442


    Version française de l'article : La contribution de la Biométrique de Similarité fournit la preuve scientifique que la grande-duchesse Anastasia Nikolaevna a été sauvée pendant la période de la révolution russe de 1917*

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Raoul Perrot & Alisa Vladi**

     

    RP: Professeur honoraire d'anthropologie anatomique, Docteur en sciences, Docteur en biologie humaine. Expert honoraire en anthropologie médico-légale près la Cour d'appel de Lyon. Spécialiste en biométrique de similarité.

    Contact: perrot.labanthropolyon@outlook.fr

    AV: MSc en histoire, professeur d'histoire. Institut d'État « Université nationale Lougansk Taras Shevchenko ». Mémoire de maîtrise consacré à « Israël dans le système des relations internationales (1948-2012) », Département d'histoire mondiale et de relations internationales.

    Contact: Alicevlady@outlook.com


    Résumé

    Les deux auteurs, utilisant la biométrie de similarité appliquée à l’expertise comparative de photos représentant d’une part la Grande-Duchesse Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova dans son enfance et d’autre part (d’après les propres archives d’Alisa Vladimirovna: co-auteur de  l’article) une dame de 20, 60 et 70 ans qui correspondraient,  selon sa tradition familiale, à son arrière-grand-mère Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova, fournissent dans cet article des preuves scientifiques que la Grande-Duchesse a été sauvée pendant la période de la révolution russe de 1917.

    Mots-clés : Grande-Duchesse Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova, 17 juillet 1918, Révolution russe de 1917, Expertise comparative de photographies de visage, Biométrique de similarité

               

    * La réimpression ou la copie d'éléments de cette étude, tels que des photographies des archives personnelles de la Grande-Duchesse Alisa et la partie informative du texte, n'est possible qu'avec l'autorisation écrite des auteurs de cette étude. Un lien vers la source, à savoir cet article publié, sur le site du Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Anatomique et de Paléopathologie de Lyon est possible avec l'indication obligatoire des noms des auteurs de l'article et de la source d'emprunt.


     ** En pièce jointe à cet article, Alisa Vlady offre aux lecteurs intéressés une galerie de photos sur la famille impériale de Russie dont elle est membre en tant qu'arrière-petite-fille de la princesse Anastasia.

     

    1 – Introduction (Alisa Vladi, co-autrice de l’article).

    Mon arrière-grand-mère Anastasia1, fille de l'empereur Nikolaï II Alexandrovitch et de l'impératrice Alexandra Feodorovna de toute la Russie (petite-fille de la reine Victoria), m'a confié la mission de confirmer que sa vie avait été épargnée lors de la révolution russe de 1917. À partir d'une série de photographies familiales, bien identifiées et datées, m’appartenant et à l'aide de la biométrique de similarité, méthode scientifique originale développée par mon ami français Raoul Perrot, nous souhaitons démontrer que Son Altesse Impériale la Grande-Duchesse Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanov, de notre dynastie Holstein-Gottorp Romanov, a bien été sauvée lors de la révolution de 1917 en Russie. L'importance de cette recherche historique est évidente dans le cadre des nombreux liens familiaux de la dynastie des Romanov Holstein-Gottorp [A] avec les maisons royales d'Europe. En outre elle permet de restaurer la vérité dans l'histoire de la Russie, au tournant de 1917, qui cache depuis plus de cent ans la vérité sur la famille de son souverain légitime, le tsar Nikolay II Alexandrovich !

    L'impératrice douairière, la mère de Nikolaï II Alexandrovitch, Maria Feodorovna, étant la grand-mère d'Anastasia savait parfaitement que sa petite-fille avait été sauvée. J'affirme ceci   du fait que la Grande-Duchesse, Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova, est mon arrière-grand-mère. Dans le contexte historique de l’époque les paroles de Maria Feodorovna n'ont pas été prises avec l'attention qu'elles auraient méritées2. De ce fait dans la période post-révolutionnaire, plusieurs femmes prétendent être Anastasia!3. De nombreuses publications basées sur des informations insuffisamment vérifiées semblent le confirmer : c’est par exemple le cas de tout article indirectement ou directement lié à l'enquête sur les événements post-révolutionnaires en Russie en 1918[B] associés à la mystérieuse disparition de la famille impériale Romanov ! Le manque de recul et d'objectivité dans la prise en compte de la base informative nous amènent à ne pas retenir certaines recherches antérieures 4 à celle présentée  aujourd'hui. Il est cependant, intéressant de retenir certaines publications, abordant la possibilité qu’Anastasia ait pu échapper aux représailles ce que confirment nos recherches en cours 5. Je tiens à souligner que cette recherche sur l'identification de mon arrière-grand-mère la Grande-Duchesse Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova ayant pour but de fournir des preuves de son sauvetage pendant la révolution russe de 1917 est le premier article scientifique associant des photographies personnelles de mon arrière-grand-mère (Figure1 et une photo où elle a 50 ans) avec une étude comparative par biométrique de similarité dont l’importance est confirmée par le titre de l’article !  Des preuves absolues et l'absence d'études similaires rendent donc cette étude unique au monde en prouvant le sauvetage de la fille de Nikolay II Alexandrovich.

    Pour terminer je tiens à exprimer ici ma gratitude à tous ceux qui nous ont soutenus dans la certitude qu’Anastasia avait survécu et sauvé sa vie pour le bien de l’avenir de notre dynastie !7

    2 – Matériel

    Des archives familiales d'Alisa Vladimirovna, nous avons retenu pour cette expertise comparative 5 clichés d'Anastasia : 2 durant sa jeunesse, 3 à l'âge adulte :

    Figure 1 – 5 visages d'Anastasia : 7 ans – 9 ans – 20 ans – 60 ans – 70 ans

    Aperçu de l’imageAperçu de l’imageAperçu de l’imageAperçu de l’imageAperçu de l’image

     


    3 – Méthodologie.

    La Biométrique de Similarité est une méthodologie originale développée à la fin du 20ème siècle [1] au sein du Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Anatomique et de Paléopathologie de Lyon et qui consiste, dans le cadre  d'une recherche d'identification de  l'auteur d'un vol à main armée à comparer deux par deux une photographie du visage de B (inconnu :   l'auteur du vol) avec une photographie du  visage de A  (fichier de polices montrant  le visage connu de  l'accusé) : le but étant de déterminer si le visage B est A.  

    Plus tard, la méthode laissera le champ judiciaire s'aventurer avec succès dans celui de l'identification générale des personnes [2-3-4-5]. C'est particulièrement le cas aujourd'hui dans cette étude comparative des photographies proposée par Alisa Vladi pour démontrer que la princesse Anastasia a été sauvée pendant la période de la révolution russe de 1917. A sera la jeune Anastasia cette fois, B sera Anastasia adulte.

    Sur chaque image est établi un descripteur local correspondant à une signature invariante à l'aide de points anatomiques qui les relient fournissent des paramètres et des valeurs angulaires. Il est important de noter que la comparaison des valeurs brutes d'un même paramètre sur les deux snapshots n'est jamais envisagée mais celle des invariants géométriques [rapports d'index  comparant les paramètres deux par deux (formule générale d'un index : paramètre 1 x 100 / paramètre 2) + valeurs angulaires]  qui offre l'avantage considérable de pouvoir travailler sur des instantanés qui ne sont pas à la même échelle !

    Notez l'importance de la forme générale du visage ou « polygone facial » en considérant 6 points faciaux : A = zygoma droit / B = glabelle / C = zygoma gauche / D = angle mandibulaire gauche / E = pointe mentonnière / F = angle mandibulaire droit) et 6 paramètres : AB/BC/CD/DE/FE/FA (Figure 2).


    A ces 6 paramètres s'ajoute la hauteur faciale BE. Tous ces 6 paramètres sont confrontés dans un index du polygone facial  dont la formule est BE/sigma des 6 côtés du polygone facial.

    Sur le plan pratique, la méthodologie est la suivante :

    1.   Pour chaque valeur de l'indice (ou angulaire) est considérée la différence B/A : le résultat sera positif si la valeur B est supérieure à celle A, négative sinon,

    2.    La somme des N différences B/A est le sigma algébrique,

    3.     Le rapport sigma/N algébrique (nombre d'indices et valeurs angulaires retenus) fournit le score de similarité qui varie de 0 à 10,

    4.      Chaque score se voit attribuer un % d'assimilation (= ressemblance) des deux faces (tableau 1).

    Résultats:

    1.   Pour un score de 0, le % d'assimilation des deux faces est de 100%. Les deux visages ont donc 100% de similitude ce qui conduit à la conclusion que B est A :  Anastasia adulte et la jeune Anastasia sont la même personne !

        2.      Pour un score de 1, le % d'assimilation des deux faces est de 90%. Les deux visages ont donc 90% de similitude ce qui conduit à la conclusion qu'il y a une forte probabilité que B soit A : à savoir que Anastasia adulte et Anastasia jeune peuvent être la même personne !

    1.  En revanche, pour un score de 10, le % d'assimilation des deux faces est de 0% ! Les deux faces n'ont pas de similitude métrique qui conduit à la conclusion que B et A sont deux personnes différentes : « Anastasia adulte » n'est en aucun cas Anastasia jeune devenue adulte !

    Tableau 1 - Score de similarité et % d'assimilation pris en compte dans la comparaison.

    Score

     %

    Score

     %

    Score

     %

    Score

     %

    Score

     %

    Score

     %

     0

     100

     1.7

     83

     3.4

     66

     5.1

     49

    6.8

     32

     8.5

     15

     0.1

     99

     1.8

     82

     3.5

     65

     5.2

     48

     6.9

     31

     8.6

     14

     0.2

     98

     1.9

     81

     3.6

     64

     5.3

     47

     7

     30

     8.7

     13

     0.3

     97

     2

     80

     3.7

     63

     5.4

     46

     7.1

     29

     8.8

     12

     0.4

     96

     2.1

     79

     3.8

     62

     5.5

     45

     7.2

     28

     8.9

     11

     0.5

     95

     2.2

     78

     3.9

     61

     5.6

     44

    7.3

     27

     9

     10

     0.6

     94

     2.3

     77

     4

     60

     5.7

     43

     7.4

     26

     9.1

     9

     0.7

     93

     2.4

     76

     4.1

     59

     5.8

     42

     7.5

     25

     9.2

     8

     0.8

     92

     2.5

     75

     4.2

     58

     5.9

     41

     7.6

     24

     9.3

     7

     0.9

     91

     2.6

     74

     4.3

     57

     6

     40

     7.7

     23

     9.4

     6

     1

     90

     2.7

     73

     4.4

     56

     6.1

     39

     7.8

     22

     9.5

     5

     1.1

     89

     2.8

     72

     4.5

     55

     6.2

     38

     7.9

     21

     9.6

     4

     1.2

     88

     2.9

     71

     4.6

     54

    6.3

     37